Montefortino type helmets. A chronology.

The Montefortino helmet is kind of a unique case in the military equipment of the ancient world, and not only concerning the Italic context. It was used for a very long time (actually, for centuries), a complex origin, with branches of many…

Imagines rievocatorum. A 2nd-1st century Lepontic warrior

For our rubric dedicated to reenactors and their impressions, today we present you "Valaunos", an hypothetical Lepontic warrior from the 2nd-1st century BC, by Enrico Lanzalone of Insubria Gaesata, which we thank for sending us pictures and…

Imagines rievocatorum. A triarius of the 2nd century BC

Let’s open our new rubric dedicated to reenactor’s impressions with the reconstruction of a 2nd century BC triarius, by Alessandro di Leva of the group Legio VI Ferrata – whom we thank for the pictures and the text he sent us. Triarii…

How to choose the size of your lorica hamata

Choosing the ideal size of your lorica hamata could be a quite difficult matter. Making the wrong choice could lead us to a lorica too small for us, which we will be unable to wear and use properly, or a too wide one, in which we will be uncomfortable. To…

Cingulum in the Early Roman Empire. (2) The "apron".

The "apron" With the term "apron", we usually define the leather stripes hanging below the cingula. We completely ignore the original term for this piece. For the sake of this article, we will call pteryges the leather stripes which constitute…

Cingulum in the Early Roman Empire. (1) Gladius and pugio suspension system.

Cingulum or balteus? How did the Roman legionary carry his sword? Nowadays, "cingulum" defines a wide belt from which the gladius hanged on the side of the owner, while "balteus" is used to define a baldric used to hang the sword to one…

The ceramic canteen or "pilgrim flask": an object with a long history.

The terracotta canteen, also known as "pilgrim flask" - which is characterized by a round shape with a narrow profile, by a little neck and usually with grips, two to four - has a very long history. The origin of this utilitarian object…

Late Roman ridge helmets

At the end of the 3rd century AD, a new typology of helmets appears in the Roman army, a type that will be used at least until the 5th century: the so called “ridge helmets” – a name given cause of the middle raised band that unites the…

The reconstruction of an Ostrogothic warrior

The Ostrogoths were amongst the main opponents of the Eastern Romans during the 6th century, particularly during the long Gothic War in Italy (535-553). Reconstructing the proper equipment of an Ostrogothic warrior is a difficult task. Being…

How to take measurements for your tunic

When ordering a tailored dress, taking measurements in the most precise way possible is essential. In the image below, the main measurements that the tailor needs to create a tailored tunic are illustrated. To these measurements, you should…